Ney / Nay / Nai:
It produces a simple primitive tune expressing the noble feelings of simplistic people, including the shepherds taking their cattle to the green mountain slopes in order to feed them and the peasants taking time to relax once they are through with their daily routines, who play it as a pastime. Women at times respond to the played tunes by singing songs. Various types of pipe played in Iran include Ney haft-band (seven-jointed), ney-labak, karna, Zurna, dozeleh, balaban and Ney-anban.
Ney in Persian means reed. The ney is an oblique blown flute common to the Middle East, and used in classical, folk and religious music. Its origins are probably in Egypt, as there are many depictions of neys on the walls of Egyptian tombs. The Museum in Cairo shows some very primitive neys that bear striking similarities to the simple cane instruments that are still found in Egypt today. Egyptian neys usually are made from plain cane with seven soundholes, while Persian instruments have six soundholes and a brass mouthpiece. Turkish neys often have a mushroom shaped bone or wooden mouthpiece. Most neys are played by blocking off the top of the instrument with the lips, while blowing against the inside edge. The Persian ney differs in that the top edge of the instrument is placed between the teeth and air directed by the tongue. Neys have a beautifully distinctive sound, and even though difficult to learn, they remain popular in both the East and West.
The range of pitch in nay, the end blown flute with two open ends is decided by the length of the instrument. Therefore, it may have five or six finger holes. Nay is played with the non-stop breathing technique. The player uses his cheeks to keep the air under control for a significant period of time. Nay is made of bamboo or cane. Nay is used by shepherds in rural areas. It also plays a vital role in trance inducing music used by Dervish orders in the world.