Dumbek / Darabukka:
A variant of dombak. All of these spellings, and many others, have been used to indicate various types of middle eastern goblet-shaped drums. Body materials include beaten metal (with a screwed-down tunable head), caste metal (usually aluminum), pottery (often with a glued-on head) and wood. Materials for the head include plastic (for professional drums, usually with an aluminum body), animal skins, and fish skin. In general, the middle eastern drums tend to have much lighter heads than African drums. They are also played with a much lighter touch and quite different strokes than African drums (more use of fingers than palms).
The dombak has a single head on one end, and the open end tends to funnel a very strong resonant droning under-sound when you get going on the drum. Hard to describe, but very neat to hear.
By Mary A. Mark
Dumbek or Darabukka
The goblet drum of the Middle East and North Africa is known by a number of names including dumbek, darabukka , derbocka, and dumbelek. It is found made from clay, wood or metal and comes in a number of sizes. All have a single head usually of goat skin, and are traditionally played under the arm. It has become a very popular drum in World Music in the West second only to the djembe. There are a wide variety of techniques used to play this drum, that are dependant on the material the drum is made from and the region it comes from. Musical lore says that the instrument is called a dumbek because of the two main sounds of the instrument: the dum, or the deep tone from the centre of the drum and the bek, the tone produced from striking the rim.